This book summarizes, for the first time, a decade of archaeological excavation and fieldwork on the industrial archaeology of Lancashire from the early 18th century to the mid-20th century. This work has changed our understanding of the Industrial Revolution in Lancashire, whose origins can now be seen to lie in the post-medieval period and whose impact extended well beyond the mill towns, canals, and railways that dominate the popular view of industrial Lancashire. This work will look at Liverpool and the coast ports, Manchester and its satellite cotton towns, the extractive industries, transport infrastructure, and life in the new industrial towns. As the first industrial society, Lancashire set a model for others to follow. To understand the modern world, first you have to understand industrial Lancashire."